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Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults is a topic that is very much discussed in the past decade. This is a very common problem, which affects the quality of life and functioning, while the awareness of the problem is still low (although there has been an increase in awareness in recent years). Research on ADHD in adults has been developing over the past decade, with a significant change in the perception the disorder. Accordingly, the typical clinical picture, diagnosis and treatment are still in the stages of learning and development, and there are still significant gaps in the knowledge that has been acquired in recent years. However, there is an effective and safe treatment for both pharmacological and neuropsychological.
The current assessment is that 8% of all adults suffer from ADHD, the same number as in school age groups. Indeed, in a significant number of children with ADHD, the hyperactive part decreased by 50% every 5 years since the age of 15 years. However, despite the decline in overactivity, there was no similar decline in attention and concentration. About two-thirds of all children with ADHD in childhood continue to suffer from the disorder in its full or partial form beyond 18 years of age. Thus, a child suffering from ADHD becomes a student, a parent, and even a grandfather with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Neuropsychologically, this is probably a problem in the frontal regions of the cerebral cortex. Hyperactivity problems usually receive most of the attention, but they are usually only part of a more widespread disorder that includes problems in organizing thinking and organizing ability in general, dificulties in planning ability, difficulties in control abilities (the ability to correct oneself while doing so) and to examine various possibilities, the ability to ask questions, a tendency to impulsivity, and more. It is also important to note that the personality of the child and adolescent is formed in the shadow of this disorder, and usually has implications for it such as insecurity, difficulties in containing frustration, low self-esteem, feelings of self-realization, and more.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in adults:
Expressions of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention in an adult with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are different from children. These expressions sometimes break out around the 4th decade because content and tasks in the life of the adult become serious and demanding:
Difficult to focus and concentration
Difficulty organizing at time and place
Inability to function in situations with lack of excitement
A workaholic, carrying his agenda, always very busy, choosing a position with activity, family tension, talking too much.
Hyperactivity, impulsivity, low frustration threshold, impatience, losing temper, abandoning jobs, breaking friendships, driving too quickly, mood swings, an individualized personality (between compulsive and perverse).
Tend to become addicted, drinking and smoking , drug use.
Suffer from difficulties in building a stable life with others, unstable relationships in the family, stress and stress, parenting difficulties, less support for a spouse, quickly losing patience with the partner, higer incidence of divorce. problematic relations with parents.
Frequent quarrels with those around them
Difficulty adjusting to the workplace
Difficulty in maintaining attention in meetings, reading, and paperwork. Forgetfulness, slow, inefficient, weak in time management, having trouble finishing tasks, rejecting jobs. Weak organization.
Respond to many stimuli simultaneously
Low scholastic achievements, impaired learning achievement.
Related disorders: 20% depression, 15% bipolar disorder, 20% generalized anxiety (GAD), 25% addictions, the existence of comorbid psychiatric illness concurrent with attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity disorder, Described.
ADHD is very different from adult to adult. Most of these adults do not find their place in work or school. Not because they are unable to do so intellectually or cognitively, but because they can not keep up with the task over time. Their difficulty in listening stems from restlessness and lack of interest in the other.
There seems to be a huge gap between the 8 percent of adults with attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity and hyperactivity, and those who are not. The significance of the gap between the number of people expected to suffer from ADHD, and the degree of awareness of it is probably due to the existence of two groups that are not identified in the population. One is a group of healthy, functioning people who have a "shadow" in their lives, or an undiscovered space that they are vaguely aware of, but do not understand. The lack of understanding stems from the fact that they function. This is usually a nuisance that is not very significant for them, and is "in the background" of life rather than in the center. The second group unites people who suffer from emotional distress, but the diagnosis with which they live is usually one of the disabilities associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder such as anxiety, depression, and more. These people are recognized and treated in the health care system, but not necessarily for the right reason, and do not receive full treatment for their problem. In addition to these two groups, there is a third group, which has grown in recent years, of adults who are diagnosed and recognized as suffering from attention deficit, hyperactivity and hyperactivity disorder.
In many cases, these are people with high IQ and ability, whose impaired attention and concentration make them unable to realize their potential. In order to learn new material and to move forward, it is not enough to have the necessary intelligence, but also to concentrate and listen, which is the first stage in the learning process. When it comes to attention deficit only without hyperactivity, the main problem will be the ability to concentrate, such as the difficulty of sitting over time and learning or listening to a lecture. Most people with a problem will find themselves detached, staring, or "floating" when they are required to listen or learn. They will be required to invest tremendous energy in their studies and tasks, as they will be unable to sit continuously, learn and persevere. Their minds are easily distracted by every little stimulus and they will find themselves struggling with themselves. The time they will have to invest in studies will be great, as will the time they will have to invest in exams. For many of them the time on the exam will never be enough. This will also affect their work. They will find it difficult to maintain their work, especially if it is a work that requires concentration over time,