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Back pain is a common problem. It is considered one of the leading causes of family doctor's visits., and missingworking days. In most cases, the back pain is caused by injury to the bones, muscles, joints or tendons caused by improper operation of the back. Despite much discomfort, back pain is usually not associated with any serious illness.
Backp pain can affect everybody, regardless of age, but it is more common in people aged 35-55.
Structure of the back
The back consists of several factors that join together:
The spine is made up of 24 vertebrae (small bones) that support the weight of the upper part of the body. They form a canal that protects the nerves running along the spine.
Among the vertebrae are discs that function as shock absorbers that cushion the vertebrae and allow bending of the spine.
Ligaments (a type of connective tissue) that connect the vertebrae and disks.
Tendons that connect the muscles to the vertebrae.
The spinal cord that forms part of the central nervous system. It transmits nerve signals from the brain to the rest of the body and absorbs information transmitted back to the brain.
Muscles and nerves.
The lower part of the back is called a lumbar region. It consists of vertebrae marked L1, L2, L3, L4, L5. This area supports all the weight of the torso, plus the weight a person carries with him. The area is under constant pressure, especially when you bend, turn, or lift heavy things.
The incidence of back pain is divided into two categories:
Acute pain - back pain develops suddenly and lasts less than 3 months.
Chronic pain - In this condition, the back pain develops gradually, over time, lasts longer than 12 weeks and causes long-term problems.
In most people, the back pain appears as a mild pain that occasionally accompanies by severe pain outbursts. In such a situation it is difficult to determine whether the back pain is acute or chronic.
Low back pain and Sciatica
Low back pain, also known as lumbago, affects 7 out of 10 people at some point in their lives. It is focused on the area between the ribs and the upper part of the legs.
Lower back pain can occur abruptly or develop gradually. Sometimes it comes directly from a fall or injury. Due to the structure of the lower part of the back, even small damage to any component of the lumbar region can cause severe pain and a great deal of discomfort.
The pain in the lower part of the back is usually associated with a physical stress experience that damages the ligaments, muscles, tendons, or disks. Ninety percent of people experience back pain that is not related to any health problem, and the symptoms of back pain will go away on their own within a few days to a few weeks. About half of them may be exposed to another back pain attack.
In some cases, when the nerve in the back (the sciatic nerve that is the longest of all the nerves and runs all along the spine, from the back to the pelvis) is caught between two vertebrae of the spine, or stimulated, the pain can spread to the buttocks and thighs. This is known as sciatica. Eighty percent of patients with sciatica will eventually recover, some only with surgery. The duration of recovery in these cases is much longer than those with simple back pain wich has no complications complications.
Due to back pain, it is possible to rest in bed for two or three days, but most studies prove that in order to speed up the recovery, it is better to remain active and to continue normal life. However, in cases of severe back pain, it is important to seek medical advice and undergo a professional diagnosis, followed by an appropriate treatment
Treatment of back pain usually depends on the cause of it. Pain caused by a particular arthritis will be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs. Alternative medicine such as acupuncture helps relieve chronic low back pain as well.